Java 数组最常用的十种方法
25
08 月

Java 数组最常用的十种方法

以下是Java数组最常用的十种方法,它们大部分来自stackoverflow的问题。

0. 声明一个数组

String[] aArray = new String[5];
String[] bArray = {"a","b","c", "d", "e"};
String[] cArray = new String[]{"a","b","c","d","e"};

1. 打印数组

int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
String intArrayString = Arrays.toString(intArray);
 
// print directly will print reference value
System.out.println(intArray);
// [I@7150bd4d
 
System.out.println(intArrayString);
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

2. 根据数组创建ArrayList

String[] stringArray = { "a", "b", "c", "d", "e" };
ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList(stringArray));
System.out.println(arrayList);
// [a, b, c, d, e]

3. 查询数组中是否包含某个值

String[] stringArray = { "a", "b", "c", "d", "e" };
boolean b = Arrays.asList(stringArray).contains("a");
System.out.println(b);
// true

4. 连接两个数组

int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
int[] intArray2 = { 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 };
// Apache Commons Lang library
int[] combinedIntArray = ArrayUtils.addAll(intArray, intArray2);

5. 声明数组内链

method(new String[]{"a", "b", "c", "d", "e"});

6. 将已知数组中的元素以字符串的形式输出

// containing the provided list of elements
// Apache common lang
String j = StringUtils.join(new String[] { "a", "b", "c" }, ", ");
System.out.println(j);
// a, b, c

7. 将ArrayList转换成数组

String[] stringArray = { "a", "b", "c", "d", "e" };
ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList(stringArray));
String[] stringArr = new String[arrayList.size()];
arrayList.toArray(stringArr);
for (String s : stringArr)
	System.out.println(s);

8. 将数组转化成Set集合

Set<String> set = new HashSet<String>(Arrays.asList(stringArray));
System.out.println(set);
//[d, e, b, c, a]

9. 翻转数组

int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
ArrayUtils.reverse(intArray);
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));
//[5, 4, 3, 2, 1]

10. 从数组中移除某个元素

int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
int[] removed = ArrayUtils.removeElement(intArray, 3);//create a new array
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(removed));

再补充一个 – 把int类型值转换成byte数组

byte[] bytes = ByteBuffer.allocate(4).putInt(8).array();
int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
int[] removed = ArrayUtils.removeElement(intArray, 3);//create a new array
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(removed));